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Welcome to Today In History for Monday, May 5, 2008.

Historical Events on this Day in History …

0553 – 2nd Council of Constantinople (5th ecumenical council) opens
1382 – Battle of Beverhoutsveld – population beats drunken army
1430 – Jews are expelled from Speyer Germany
1494 – On 2nd voyage to New World, Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica
1640 – English Short Parliament unites
1646 – King Charles I surrenders at Scotland
1665 – Nicolaas Witsen visits patriarch Nikon in Moscow
1726 – Marie de Camargo (16) premieres at Op‚ra of Paris
1749 – Pope Benedict XIV proclaims 1750 a Year” [?]
1762 – Russia and Prussia sign peace treaty
1764 – Smolny-institution forms in St Petersburg for noble girls
1780 – 2nd oldest learned society in US (American Academy of Arts and Sciences) forms (Boston)
1789 – French States-General for It first since 1614 together
1797 – Napoleon I’s sister Elisa marries Felix Bacciochi
1809 – Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
1809 – Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)
1814 – British attack Ft Ontario, Oswego, NY
1816 – American Bible Society organized (NY)
1834 – Charles Darwin’s expedition begins at Rio Santa Cruz
1835 – King Leopold opens Brussels-Mechelen railway
1842 – City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours (Hamburg Germany)
1847 – American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
1854 – English pirate Plumridge robs along pro-English Finnish coast
1855 – NYC regains Castle Clinton, to be used for immigration
1861 – Alexandria, VA – CS troops abandon city
1862 – Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, VA
1862 – French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
1863 – Battle of Tupelo, MS
1863 – Joe Coburn KOs Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round
1864 – Campaign in Northern Georgia – Chattanooga GA to Atlanta GA
1864 – Battle of Wilderness, VA (Germanna Ford, Wilderness Tavern)
1864 – Battle between Confederate and Union ships at mouth of Roanoke
1864 – Atlanta Campaign-5 days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge
1865 – 1st US train robbery (North Bend Ohio)
1874 – Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law
1881 – Anit-Jewish rioting in Kiev Ukraine
1891 – Music Hall (Carnegie Hall) opens in NY, Tchaikovsky as guest conductor
1893 – Panic of 1893: Great crash on NY Stock Exchange
1900 – “The Billboard” began weekly publication
1904 – Cy Young of Boston pitches perfect game against Phila A’s (3-0)
1905 – Robert S Abbott published 1st issue of newspaper “Chicago Defender”
1908 – 34th Kentucky Derby: Arthur Pickens on Stone Street wins in 2:15.2
1908 – Great White Fleet arrives in SF
1912 – 5th Olympic games open at Stockholm, Sweden
1912 – Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)
1915 – German U-20 sinks Earl of Lathom
1916 – US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924
1917 – St Louis Brown Ernie Koob no-hits Chic White Sox, 1-0
1920 – German-Latvian peace treaty signed
1920 – Polish troops occupy Kiev
1920 – US Pres Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal
1921 – Miniature newspaper published (Brighton Gazette 10 x 13 cm)
1921 – 1st ranger for Cleveland Metroparks hired
1922 – Construction begins on Yankee Stadium (Bronx)
1924 – Unions terminate Twentse textile strike
1925 – Yankee Everett Scott is benched, ending his 1,307-game playing streak
1925 – Ty Cobb goes 6 for 6, (16 total bases)
1925 – John T Scopes arrested for teaching evolution in Tennessee
1926 – Geldrop soccer team forms
1926 – Sinclair Lewis refuses his Pulitzer Prize for “Arrowsmith”
1927 – Dmitri Sjostakovitch’ 1st Symphony, premieres in Berlin
1930 – Bradman scores 185* Aust v Leicestershire, 317 mins, 16 fours
1930 – 1st woman to fly solo from Engl to Australia takes-off (Amy Johnson)
1932 – Japan and China sign a peace treaty
1934 – 60th Kentucky Derby: Mack Garner aboard Cavalcade wins in 2:04
1935 – Jessie Owens of US, sets then long jump record at 26′ 8¬”
1936 – Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa
1936 – Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip
1938 – Phillies Harold Kelleher faces 16 batters in 6th, as Cubs score 12 runs, both marks are NL records off one hurler in a single inning
1939 – Flash floods kill 75 in Northeast Kentucky
1940 – Norwegian govt in exile forms in London
1941 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert E Sherwood (There shall be no night)
1941 – Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa
1941 – 2 Fokker’s employees flee nazi occupied Netherlands to England
1942 – British assault on Diego Suarez Madagascar
1942 – US begins rationing sugar during WW II
1943 – Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System
1944 – Gandhi freed from prison
1944 – Russian offensive against Sebastopol Krim
1945 – Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated
1945 – Uprising against SS-occupying troops in Prague
1945 – Netherlands and Denmark liberated from Nazi control
1945 – Mauthausen Concentration camp liberated
1947 – Mississippi Valley flooding kills 16 and causes $850M in damage
1947 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Penn Warren (All the King’s Men)
1948 – 1st air squadron of jets aboard a carrier
1948 – Belgian govt of Spaak resigns
1949 – Tiger 2nd baseman Charlie Gehringer selected to Hall of Fame
1949 – Statue of Council of Europe drawn
1949 – KGO TV channel 7 in San Francisco, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1949 – Council of Europe forms
1950 – Phumiphon Abundet crowned as king Rama IX of Thailand
1951 – 77th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Count Turf wins in 2:02.6
1951 – “Out of This World” closes at New Century Theater NYC after 157 perfs
1952 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Herman Wouk (Caine Mutiny)
1952 – Ron Necciai of Pitts Pirate’s Bristol Twins Class D farm team, strikes out 27, as he no-hits Welch Minors, 4 Minors do reach base
1954 – Military coup by general Alfredo Stroessner in Paraguay
1955 – West Germany granted full sovereignty by 3 occupying powers
1955 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site
1955 – Indies parliament accept hindu-divorce
1955 – “Damn Yankees” opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 1022 performances
1956 – World championships of judo are 1st held, in Tokyo
1956 – Jim Bailey (US) runs mile a record 3:58.6 in LA Calif
1956 – Broekster Boys soccer team forms in Damwoude
1956 – 82nd Kentucky Derby: David Erb aboard Needles wins in 2:03.4
1957 – Adolf Sch„rf elected president of Austria
1957 – Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Open
1958 – KNME TV channel 5 in Albuquerque, NM (PBS) begins broadcasting
1958 – Pulitzer prize awarded to James Agee for (Death in the Family)
1958 – US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
1961 – Alan Shepard becomes 1st American in space (aboard Freedom 7)
1962 – West Side Story soundtrack album goes to #1 and stays #1 for 54 weeks which is more than 20 weeks longer than any other album
1962 – LA Angel Bo Belinsky no-hits Balt Orioles, 2-0
1962 – 88th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack aboard Decidedly wins in 2:00.4
1963 – Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Open
1964 – Separatists riot in Quebec
1965 – 1st large-scale US Army ground units arrive in South Vietnam
1966 – Borussia Dortmund wins 6th Europe Cup II
1966 – Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 2
1966 – Willie Mays hit his 512th HR
1968 – Carol Mann wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Club Golf Invitational
1969 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Norman Mailer (Armies of the Night)
1969 – 23rd NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 3
1970 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site
1971 – “Earl of Ruston” opens at Billy Rose Theater NYC for 5 performances
1971 – Race riot in Brownsville section of Brooklyn (NYC)
1972 – Alitalia DC-8 crashes west of Palermo Sicily; killing 115
1973 – 99th Kentucky Derby: Ron Turcotte aboard Secretariat wins in 1:59.4
1974 – Sandra Spuzich wins LPGA Lady Tara Golf Classic
1975 – Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Shaara (Killer Angels)
1975 – A’s release pinch runner Herb Washington (played 104 games without batting, pitching, or fielding He stole 30 bases, and scored 33 runs)
1976 – Train collision at Schiedam Neth, kills 24
1976 – Anderlecht wins 16th soccer Europe Cup II
1978 – Cin Red Pete Rose becomes 14th player to get 3,000 hits
1979 – 105th Kentucky Derby: Ron Franklin on Spectacular Bid wins in 2:02.4
1979 – Masterpiece Radio Theater begins broadcasting
1979 – Voyager 1 passes Jupiter
1980 – Siege at Iranian Embassy in London ends; British commandos and police stormed the building
1981 – 16th and final Mayor’s Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 4-1, hold 8-7-1 edge
1983 – Bruins 5-Isles 1-Wales Conf Championship-Isles hold 3-2 lead
1983 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1984 – 110th Kentucky Derby: Laffit Pincay Jr aboard Swale wins in 2:02.4
1985 – Amy Alcott wins LPGA Moss Creek Women’s Golf Invitational
1986 – Hall of Fame and Museum announced to be built in Cleveland
1987 – Congress begins Iran-Contra hearings
1987 – Detroit Tigers are 11 games back in AL, but go on to win AL East
1987 – France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1988 – Eugene A Marino installed as 1st black US archbishop
1989 – Mike Tyson gets 2nd speeding ticket for drag racing in Albany NY
1990 – Paul Hogan and Linda Koslowski wed in Byron Bay, Eastern Australia
1990 – ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Chris Warren
1990 – 116th Kentucky Derby: Craig Perret aboard Unbridled wins in 2:02
1991 – Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
1992 – Country singer Tammy Wynette hospitalized with bile duct infection
1994 – North-Yemen air force bombs Aden South Yemen
1994 – Labour beats Conservatives in British local elections
1994 – “Sally Marrand Her Escorts” opens at Helen Hayes NYC for 50 perfs
1995 – Last basketball game at Boston Gardens (Magic beats Celtics)
1996 – “Jack-Night on Town with J Barrymore” closes at Belasco after 12 perfs
1996 – Karrie Webb wins LPGA Sprint Titleholders Golf Championship
1996 – Renette Cruz, Vancouver, wins Miss Canadian Universe
1997 – “Married With Children” final episode on Fox TV
1997 – Iridium-1 Delta 2 Launch, Successful
2000 – Conjunction of Sun, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn and Moon

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Historical Events

Welcome to Today In History for Thursday, March 6, 2008.

 

1079 – Omar ibn Ibrahim al-Chajjam completes Jalali-calendar
1205 – Aken, [Philips van Zwaben], crowned Roman-Catholic German King
1323 – Treaty of Paris
1447 – Tommaso Parentucelli succeeds Pope Eugene IV as Nicolas V
1460 – Treaty of Alcacovas-Portugal gives Castile Canary Is for W Africa
1521 – Magellan discovers Guam
1579 – Veluwe joins Union of Utrecht
1590 – Earl Mauritius conquerors Breda “turfschip of Breda”
1628 – Emperor Ferdinand II delegates Restitutie-edict
1646 – Joseph Jenkes, MA, receives 1st colonial machine patent
1664 – King Louis XIV and Emperor of Brandenburg signs covenant
1665 – Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society starts publishing
1714 – Peace of Rastatt – French emperor Charles VI of Habsburg
1728 – Spain and England sign (1st) Convention of Pardo
1775 – 1st Negro Mason in US initiated, Boston
1799 – Napolean captures Jaffa Palestine
1808 – 1st college orchestra in US founded, at Harvard
1810 – Illinois passes 1st state vaccination legislation in US
1816 – Jews are expelled from Free city of Lubeck Germany
1831 – Vincenzo Bellini’s opera “La Sonnambula,” premieres in Milan
1831 – Edgar Allen Poe removed from West Point milt academy
1831 – Bellini’s opera “La Sonnambula,” premieres in Milan
1834 – Toronto incorporated with William Lyon Mackenzie as its 1st mayor
1836 – 3,000 Mexicans beat 182 Texans at the Alamo, after 13 day fight
1836 – HMS Beagle/Darwin reaches King George’s Sound, Australia
1838 – Franz Grillparzer’s “Weh dem, der Lugt,” premieres in Vienna
1851 – Dion Boucicault’s “Love in a Maze,” premieres in London
1853 – Giuseppe Verdi’s Opera “La Traviata,” premieres in Venice
1855 – Gustave Flaubert writes goodbye to Louise Colet
1857 – Dred Scott Decision: Supreme Court rules slaves cannot be citizens
1861 – Provisionary Confederate Congress establishes Confederate Army
1862 – Battle of Pea Ridge, AR (Elkhorn Tavern)
1865 – Battle of Natural Bridge, Florida
1865 – President Lincolns 2nd Inaugural Ball
1882 – Monarch Milan Obrenovic of Serbia crowns himself king
1886 – 1st US alternating current power plant starts, Great Barrington, MA
1886 – 1st US nurses’ magazine, The Nightingale, 1st appears, NYC
1895 – England beat Australia to win one of the best cricket series ever, 3-2
1895 – J T Brown hits the fastest 50 in Test Crickets (28 mins) Eng v Aust
1896 – 1st auto in Detroit, Charles B King rides his “Horseless Carriage”
1899 – “Asprin” patented by Felix Hoffmann
1902 – Census Bureau forms
1906 – Cubs sign 3rd baseman Harry Steinfeldt to complete Tinker-Evers-Chance
1906 – Heavy storm bursts dike flooding Vlissingen, Netherlands
1906 – Nora Blatch is 1st woman elected to American Soc of Civil Engineers
1909 – Gerhart Hauptmann’s “Griselda,” premieres in Vienna
1915 – Greek King Constantine I fires premier Venizelos
1918 – US naval boat “Cyclops” disappears in Bermuda Triangle
1919 – NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens beat Ottawa Senators, 3 games to 1 with 1 tie
1921 – Police in Sunbury Penn issue an edict requiring Women to wear skirts at least 4 inches below the knee
1922 – Babe Ruth signs 3 years at $52,000 a year NY Yankee contract
1922 – GB Shaw’s “Back to Methusaleh III/IV,” premieres in NYC
1923 – Cards announce their players will wear numbers on their uniforms
1924 – British Labour govt cuts military budget
1925 – Belgium annexes Eupen, Malm‚dy and Sankt Vith
1926 – China asks for a seat in the Security council
1929 – Turkey and Bulgaria sign friendship treaty
1930 – Bkln’s Clarence Birdseye develops a method for quick freezing food
1933 – Poland occupies free city Danzig (Gdansk)
1933 – Maxwell Anderson’s “Both your Houses,” premieres in NYC
1933 – FDR declares a nationwide bank holiday
1934 – Sidney Howard and Paul de Kruif’s “Yellowjacket,” premieres in NYC
1935 – Frank Bartell (Czech), cycles record 80.584 mph in LA
1936 – Belgium ends Locarno-pact
1940 – 1st US telecast from an airplane, NYC
1943 – Sukarno asks for cooperation with Japanese occupiers
1943 – Battle at Medenine, North-Africa: Rommels assault attack
1944 – USAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
1945 – Federico Garc¡a Lorca’s “La Casa,” premieres in Buenos Aires
1945 – Erich Honnecker and Erich Hanke flee nazis
1945 – Chinese 38th division occupies Lashio
1945 – Assassination attempt on Hihere, SS Police fuhrer Rauter
1945 – 117 SD-prisoners executed at Savage Farm
1946 – France recognizes Vietnam statehood within Indo-Chinese federation
1947 – XB-45, 1st US 4-engine jet bomber, makes 1st test flight, Muroc, CA
1950 – Silly Putty invented
1951 – Belgium extends conscription to 24 months
1953 – Malenkov becomes chairman of the USSR
1955 – Jackie Pung wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
1955 – Dutch premiere of Samuel Becketts’ “Waiting for Godot”
1957 – Ghana (formerly Gold Coast) declares independence from UK
1959 – 11st Emmy Awards: Playhouse 90, Jack Benny Show, Raymond Burr
1959 – Farthest radio signal heard (Pioneer IV, 400,000 miles)
1960 – President Sukarno disbands Indonesia’s parliament
1961 – 1st London minicabs introduced
1961 – Dutch Queen Juliana celebrates 12« year govt jubilee
1961 – Dutch guilder revalued 4.74%
1962 – US promise Thailand assistance against communist aggression
1962 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1962 – St Louis vote to build a new downtown stadium for the Cardinals
1964 – Constantine succeeds Paul I as king of Greece
1964 – Elijah Muhammad renames Cassius Clay, Muhammad Ali
1964 – Liz Taylor’s 4th divorce (Eddie Fisher)
1964 – Tom O’Hara runs world record mile (3:56.4)
1965 – Bruce Taylor hits 105 for NZ v India in 1st Test Cricket innings
1965 – 1st nonstop helicopter crossing of North America, JR Willford
1965 – “How to Succeed in Business” closes at 46th St NYC after 1415 perfs
1966 – Barry Sadlers’ “Ballad of the Green Berets” becomes #1 (13 weeks)
1967 – WACS TV channel 25 in Dawson, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 – Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Allilujeva asks for political asylum in US
1967 – Muhammad Ali is order by selective service to be inducted
1967 – Jimmy Hoffa enters Lewisburg Federal Prison
1967 – 2nd Academy of Country Music Awards
1970 – Beatles release “Let it Be” in UK
1971 – Test Cricket debut of Sunil Gavaskar, v West Indies at Port-of-Spain
1972 – Jack Nicklaus, passes Arnold Palmer as golf’s all-time money winner
1972 – Keswick to Penrith railway officially closes
1973 – In an exhibition game with the Pirates, Twins Larry Hisle becomes the 1st designated hitter (he hits 2 HRs and knocks in 7 RBIs)
1974 – Ian and Greg Chappell score cricket
1974 – An Italian loses a record $1,920,000 at roulette in Monte Carlo
1974 – “Over Here” opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 341 performances
1976 – Ice Dance Championship at Gothenburg won by Pakhomova and Gorshkov (URS)
1976 – Ice Pairs Championship at Gothenburg won by Rodnina and Zaitsev (URS)
1976 – Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Gothenburg won by John Curry (GRB)
1976 – Worlds Ladies Fig Skating Champ in Gothenburg won by Dorothy Hamill
1978 – Hustler publisher Larry Flynt shot and crippled by a sniper in Ga
1980 – French Academy, founded in 1635, elects it 1st woman novelist (Marguerita Youcenar)
1980 – Princess Theater (Latin Quarter, Cotton Club) opens at 200 W 48th NYC
1980 – Emmy 7th Daytime Award presentation – Susan Lucci loses for 1st time
1981 – France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1981 – Soyuz 39 returns to Earth
1981 – Walter Cronkite signs-off as anchorman of “CBS Evening News”
1981 – Worlds Ladies Fig Skating Champ in Hartford won by Denise Biellmann
1982 – NBA highest scoring game: San Antonio beat Milwaukee 171-166 (3 OT)
1982 – Susan Birmingham makes loudest recorded human shout (120 dB)
1983 – US Football League begins its 1st season
1983 – New Bedford, Mass woman charges she was gang-raped atop a pool table
1983 – Helmut Kohl’s CDU/CSU wins West German parliament elections
1983 – Anne-Marie Palli wins LPGA Samaritan Turquoise Golf Classic
1983 – “On Your Toes” opens at Virginia Theater NYC for 505 performances
1985 – Enos Slaughter and Arky Vaughan are elected to baseball Hall of Fame
1985 – Mike Tyson KOs Hector Mercedes in 1 round in his 1st pro fight
1985 – M‚xican authorities find body of US drug agent Enrique C Salaazar
1985 – Yul Brynner appears in his 4,500th performance of “King and I”
1986 – USSR’s Vega 1 flies by Halley’s Comet at 8,889 km
1986 – Ken Ludwig’s “Lend me a Tenor,” premieres in London
1987 – 6.8 earthquake hits Ecuador, kills 100
1987 – Belgium ferry boat “Herald of Free Enterprise” capsizes/sinks; 192 die
1988 – Orville Moodey shoots 63 at Seniors golf tournament
1988 – Julie Krone becomes winningest female jockey (1205 victories)
1988 – Betsy King wins LPGA Women’s Kemper Golf Open/Helene Curtis Pro-Am
1988 – 3 IRA suspects were shot dead in Gibraltar by SAS officers
1988 – 18th Easter Seal Telethon raises $35,200,000
1989 – Yanks beat Mets 6-4 in exhibition game (1st meeting since 1985)
1990 – SR-71 sets a transcontinental record, flying 2,404 miles in 1:08:17
1991 – Following Iraq’s capitulation in the Persian Gulf conflict, Pres Bush told Congress that “aggression is defeated. The war is over”
1992 – Yankee pitcher Pascual Perez suspended for 1 year due to cocaine
1994 – Colin Jackson runs world record 60m hurdles indoor (7.30 sec)
1994 – United Arab Emirates beat Kenya by 2 wickets to win ICC Trophy
1995 – US 4.5› equals 156.30 Dutch guilder (record)
1995 – Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Phoenix AZ on KEDJ 106.3/100.3 FM
1995 – American Express Travel begins charging for domestic air tickets
1995 – 9th American Comedy Award: Rodney Dangerfield
1996 – 10th American Comedy Award
1996 – 2nd Blockbuster Entertainment Awards
1996 – Aravinda De Silva smashes 145 v Kenya in cricket World Cup at Kandy Sri Lanka score 5-398 in 50 overs in World Cup v Kenya
1998 – 1st time the British flag is flown over Buckingham Palace
1998 – Matt Beck, an angry lottery accountant kills 4 at Conn state lottery

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Historical Events

Welcome to Today In History for Wednesday, March 5, 2008.

1179 – 3rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
1461 – Henry VI was deposed by Duke of York during War of the Roses
1496 – English king Henry VII hires John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) to explore
1528 – Utrecht governor Maarten van Rossum plunders The Hague
1558 – Smoking tobacco introduced in Europe by Francisco Fernandes
1579 – Betuwe joins Union of Utrecht
1616 – Copernicus’ “de Revolutionibus” placed on Catholic Forbidden index
1623 – 1st American temperance law enacted, Virginia
1651 – South Sea dike in Amsterdam breaks after storm
1684 – Emperor Leopold I, Poland and Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
1743 – 1st US religious journal, The Christian History, published, Boston
1746 – Jakobijnse troops leave Aberdeen
1750 – 1st American Shakespearean production-“altered” Richard III, NYC
1760 – Princess Carolina marries Gen Charles Christian van Nassau-Weilburg
1766 – Don Antonio de Ulloa takes possession of Louisiana Terr from French
1770 – Blanche Kelso Bruce sworn in as a US Senator (Mississippi)
1770 – Boston Massacre, British troops kill 5 in crowd. Crispus Attackus becomes 1st black to die for American freedom
1783 – King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
1795 – Treaty of Basel-Prussia ends war with France
1795 – Amsterdam celebrates Revolution on the Dam; Square of Revolution
1807 – 1st performance of Ludwig von Beethoven’s 4th Symphony in B
1820 – Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
1821 – Monroe is 1st pres inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun
1836 – Mexico attacks Alamo
1836 – Samuel Colt manufactures 1st pistol, 34-caliber “Texas” model
1845 – Congress appropriates $30,000 to ship camels to western US
1849 – Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th president
1856 – Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
1856 – Covent Garden Opera House destroyed in a fire
1862 – Union troops under brig-gen Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
1864 – 1st track meet between Oxford and Cambridge
1868 – US Senate organizes to decide charges against Pres Andrew Johnson
1868 – Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
1868 – Arrigo Boito’s opera “Mefistofele,” premieres in Milan
1872 – George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains
1877 – Rutherford B Hayes inaugurated as 19th US president
1894 – Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in US
1896 – Italians governor of Eritrea, Gen Baldissera, reaches Massawa
1896 – Italian premier Crispi resigns
1897 – American Negro Academy forms
1899 – 1st performance of Edward MacDowell’s 2nd Concerto in D
1900 – American Hall of Fame found
1903 – Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn
1907 – 1st radio broadcast of a musical composition aired
1908 – 1st ascent of Mt Erebus, Antarctica
1910 – Ramon Inclan’s “La Farsa Infantil de la Cabeza del Dragon,” premieres
1910 – Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers beat Ottawa Senators, 3-1
1912 – Spanish steamer “Principe de Asturias” sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
1917 – 1st jazz recording for Victor Records released
1919 – Louis Hirsch and Harold Atteridge’s musical premieres in NYC
1922 – “Nosferatu” premieres in Berlin
1923 – 1st old age pension plans in US established by Montana and Nevada
1923 – Montana and Nevada become 1st states to enact old age pension laws
1924 – Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM
1924 – Frank Carauna, becomes 1st to bowl 2 successive perfect 300 games
1924 – King Hussein of Hedzjaz appoints himself kalief
1927 – 1,000 US marines land in China to protect American property
1928 – Karl Zuckmayer’s “Der Hauptmann von K”penick,” premieres in Berlin
1931 – Gandhi and British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact
1933 – FDR proclaims 10-day bank holiday
1933 – Germany’s Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes)
1934 – Mother-in-law’s day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Tx)
1935 – 1st premature baby health law in US (Chicago)
1936 – Spitfire makes it’s 1st flight (Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton)
1942 – Bosnia Tito establishes 3rd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
1942 – Dmitri Shostakovitch’ 7th Symphony, premieres in Siberia
1942 – Japanese troop march into Batavia
1943 – RAF bombs Essen Germany
1943 – Anti fascist strikes in Italy
1944 – 1st performance of Walter Piston’s 2nd Symphony
1945 – Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands
1945 – Generals Eisenhower, Patton and Patch meet in Luneville
1945 – US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
1945 – US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
1946 – Winston Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech (Fulton Missouri)
1948 – Actor Eli Wallach marries actress Anne Jackson
1948 – US rocket flies record 4800 KPH to 126k height
1949 – Bradman plays his last innings in 1st-class cricket, gets 30
1952 – Terence Rattigan’s “Deep Blue Sea,” premieres in London
1954 – “Girl in Pink Tights” opens at Mark Hellinger NYC for 115 perfs
1955 – Elvis Presley’s 1st TV appearance on “Louisiana Hayride” show
1955 – WBBJ TV channel 7 in Jackson, TN (ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 – “King Kong,” 1st televised
1956 – Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
1957 – Eamon de Valera’s Fianna Fail-party wins election in Ireland
1957 – Sgt Bilko satirizes Elvis Presley (Elvis Pelvin)
1958 – KDUH TV channel 4 in Scottsbluff-Hay Spring, NB (ABC) 1st broadcast
1958 – Explorer 2 fails to reach Earth orbit
1959 – Iran and US sign economic and military treaty
1960 – Worlds Ladies Fig Skating Champions in Vanc won by Carol E Heiss (USA)
1960 – Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Vancouver won by Alain Giletti (FRA)
1960 – Ice Pairs Championship at Vancouver won by Wagner and Paul (CAN)
1960 – Ice Dance Championship at Vancouver won by Denny and Jones (GRB)
1960 – Elvis Presley ends 2-year hitch in US Army
1962 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 – Beatles record “From Me to You” and “Thank You Girl”
1964 – Emergency crisis proclaimed in Ceylon due to social unrest
1964 – Atlanta Mayor Ivan Allen Jr, announces a baseball team is moving there
1965 – 1st performance of Walter Piston’s 8th Symphony
1965 – Ernie Terrel beats Eddie Machen in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1966 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1966 – Player reps elect Marvin Miller, as exec dir of Players’ Assn
1966 – Bob Seagren pole vaults 5.19m indoor world record
1966 – 75 MPH air currents causes BOAC 707 crash into Mount Fuji, 124 die
1967 – WEDN TV channel 53 in Norwich, CT (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 – US launches Solar Explorer 2 to study the Sun
1969 – Joe Orton’s “What the Butler Saw,” premieres in London
1969 – Gustav Heinemann elected president of West-Germany
1969 – Gold reaches then record high ($47 per ounce) in Paris
1970 – Edison Theater opens at 240 W 47th St NYC
1970 – Nuclear non-proliferation treaty goes into effect
1970 – SDS Weathermen terrorist group bomb 18 West 11th St in NYC
1972 – Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis leaves communist party
1973 – Yankee pitchers Peterson and Kekich announce they swapped wives
1974 – “Candide” opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 740 performances
1974 – Ralph Stewart failed in 2nd Islander penalty shot
1976 – British œ falls below $2 for 1st time
1978 – “Hello, Dolly!” opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 152 perfs
1978 – Landsat 3 launched from Vandenberg AFB, Calif
1979 – Voyager I’s closest approach to Jupiter (172,000 miles)
1980 – Earth satellites record gamma rays from remnants of supernova N-49
1981 – US govt grants Atlanta $1 million to search for black boy murderer
1981 – Men’s Figure Skating Champions in Hartford won by Scott Hamilton (USA)
1981 – Ice Pairs Champ at Hartford won by Irina Vorobieva and I Lisovski (URS)
1981 – Ice Dance Championship at Hartford won by Jayne Torvill and C Dean (GRB)
1981 – “Bring Back Birdie” opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 4 perfs
1982 – Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus sends back data
1982 – Gaylord Perry (with 297 wins) signs with Seattle Mariners
1983 – Bob Hawke (Labour) defeats Australian PM Malcolm Fraser (Cons)
1983 – NSW beat Western Australia by 54 runs to win Sheffield Shield
1984 – Supreme Court (5-4): city may use public money for Nativity scene
1984 – US accuse Iraq of using poison gas
1985 – NY Islander Mike Bossy is 1st to score 50 goals in 8 straight seasons
1986 – “Today” tabloid launched (Britain’s 1st national color newspaper)
1989 – Elly Verhulst runs world record 3000 m indoor (8:33.82)
1989 – Blains McCallister wins Honda Golf Classic shooting 266
1989 – 19th Easter Seal Telethon raises $37,002,000
1991 – Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait
1991 – Reggie Miller (Indiana) begins NBA free throw streak of 52 games
1992 – Ethic committee votes to reveal congressmen who bounced checks
1993 – Marlins beat Astros 12-8 in their 1st spring training game
1993 – Former Wash DC Mayor Marion Barry divorces his wife Effi
1993 – Fokker 100 crashes at Skopje Macedonia, 81 die
1993 – Boston Celtic Larry Bird undergoes backfusion surgery
1994 – Singer Grace Slick arrested for pointing a gun at a cop
1994 – PBA National Championship won by David Traber
1994 – Largest milkshake (1,955 gallons of chocolate-Nelspruit S Africa)
1994 – Dottie Mochrie wins Chrysler-Plymouth Tournament of Golf Championship
1995 – 21st People’s Choice Awards: Tim Allen wins
1995 – Estonia Centrumlinkse Coalition party wins parliamentary election
1995 – Graves of czar Nicholas and family found in St Petersburg
1995 – Marc Velzeboer skates world record 3 km short track (5:00.26)
1996 – Earl Weaver and Jim Bunning, elected to Hall of Fame
1997 – Tommy Lasorda, Nellie Fox and Willie Wells for Hall of Fame
1998 – Mariah Carey divorces Tommy Lee Jone

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Historical Events

Welcome to Today In History for Tuesday, March 4, 2008.

  Historical Events on this Day in History …

1152 – Frederik I Barbarossa elected Roman-German king
1461 – Battle at Towton: Duke Edward of York beats English queen Margaretha Edward IV recognized as king of England
1540 – Protestant count Philip of Hessen marries 2nd wife
1570 – King Philip II bans foreign Dutch students
1590 – Mauritius of Nassau’s ship reaches Breda
1611 – George Abbot appointed archbishop of Canterbury
1621 – Jacarta, Java renamed Batavia
1665 – English king Charles II declares war on Netherlands
1675 – John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England
1681 – King Charles II grants William Penn royal charter for Penn
1699 – Jews are expelled from Lubeck Germany
1741 – English fleet under admiral Ogle reaches Cartagena
1774 – 1st sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)
1789 – 1st Congress declares constitution in effect (9 senators, 13 reps)
1791 – 1st Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
1791 – Pres Washington calls the US Senate into its 1st special session
1791 – Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
1792 – Oranges introduced to Hawaii
1793 – French troops conquer Geertruidenberg Neth
1793 – Washington’s 2nd inauguration, shortest speech (133 words)
1797 – John Adams inaugurated as 2nd president of US
1798 – Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews
1801 – 1st president inaugurated in Washington DC (Thomas Jefferson)
1809 – Madison becomes 1st president inaugurated in American-made clothes
1825 – John Quincy Adams inaugrated as 6th president
1826 – 1st US RR chartered, Granite Railway in Quincy, Mass
1829 – Andrew Jackson inaugurated as 7th president
1829 – Unruly crowd mobs White House during Pres Jackson inaugural ball
1830 – V Bellini’s opera “I Capuleti e i Montecchi,” premieres in Venice
1835 – HMS Beagle moves into Bay of Concepci¢n
1837 – City of Chicago incorporates
1837 – Martin Van Buren inaugrated as 8th president
1837 – Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
1841 – Dion Boucicault’s “London Assurance,” premieres in London
1841 – Longest inauguration speech (8,443 words), William Henry Harrison
1845 – James K Polk inaugrated at 11th president
1848 – Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
1849 – US had no president, Polks term ends on a Sunday, Taylor couldn’t be sworn-in, Sen David Atchison (pres pro tem) term ended Mar 3rd
1853 – Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
1853 – William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US VP
1861 – Pres Lincoln opens Govt Printing Office
1861 – Lincoln’s inaugurated as 16th pres; 1st time US has 5 former pres
1861 – Confederate States adopt “Stars and Bars” flag
1863 – Battle of Thompson’s Station, TN
1863 – Territory of Idaho established
1865 – President Lincoln inaugurated for his 2nd term as president
1865 – Confederate congress approves final design of “official flag”
1869 – Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th president
1876 – US Congress decides to impeach Minister of War Belknap
1877 – Tsjaikovski’s incomplete ballet “Zwanenmeer,” premieres in Moscow
1880 – NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S H Horgan
1881 – South African president Kruger accepts ceasefire
1881 – James A Garfield inaugurated as 20th president
1881 – Holmes and Watson begin “A Study in Scarlet,” 1st case together
1881 – California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
1883 – John Gordon Cashmans begins “Vicksburg Evening Post” in Mississippi
1885 – Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st Democratic pres since Civil War
1885 – Gilbert and Sullivan’s opera “Mikado,” premieres in London
1889 – Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as 23rd president
1893 – Francis Dhanis’ army attacksthe Lualaba, occupies Nyangwe
1893 – Grover Cleveland (D) inaugrated as 24th US president (2nd term)
1894 – Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed
1895 – Gustav Mahler’s 2nd Symphony, premieres in Berlin
1897 – William McKinley inaugurated as 25th president of US
1901 – 1st advanced copy of inaugural speech (Jefferson-Natl Intelligencer)
1901 – President William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as president
1901 – Term of George H White, last of post-Reconstruction congressmen, ends
1902 – American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago
1905 – Gerhart Hauptmann’s “Elga,” premieres in Berlin
1908 – Collingwood Ohio primary school catches fire; 180 die
1909 – President Taft inaugrated at 27th president during 10″ snowstorm
1909 – US prohibits interstate transportation of game birds
1911 – Victor Berger (Wisc) becomes 1st socialist congressman in US
1913 – Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th president
1913 – NY Yankees are 1st to train outside US (Bermuda)
1913 – Gabriel Faur‚’s opera “P‚n‚lope,” premieres in Monte Carlo
1913 – Dept of Commerce and Labor split into separate departments
1913 – 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
1917 – Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Mont) becomes 1st female member of Congress
1918 – Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
1920 – Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
1921 – Hot Springs National Park created in Arkansas
1923 – Lenin’s last article in Pravda (about Red bureaucracy)
1924 – “Happy Birthday To You” published by Claydon Sunny
1925 – Pres Coolidge’s inauguration broadcast live on 21 radio stations
1925 – Swain’s Island (near American Samoa) annexed by US
1926 – De Geer govt in Netherlands takes office
1928 – “Bunion Run” race from LA to NYC begins; It is won by Andy Payne
1929 – Charles Curtis (R-Kansas) becomes 1st native American VP
1929 – Herbert Hoover inaugurated as 31st president
1930 – Emma Fahning bowls 1st sanctioned 300 game by a woman
1930 – Coolidge Dam in Arizona dedicated
1931 – Bradman bowled by Herman Griffith for a duck as W I win the Test
1931 – West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG
1933 – FDR inaugrated as 32nd pres, pledges to pull US out of Depression and says “We have nothing to fear but fear itself”
1933 – Noordwijk soccer team forms
1933 – Henderson, DeSylva and Brown’s “Strike Me Pink,” premieres in NYC
1933 – Frances Perkins becomes sec of labor, 1st US woman cabinet member
1933 – Chancellor Dollfuss disdolves Austrian parliament
1934 – Easter Cross on Mt Davidson (SF) dedicated
1936 – 1st flight of airship Hindenburg, Germany
1941 – Serbian Prince Paul visits Hitler
1941 – NHL Chicago goalie Samuel LoPresti stops record 80 of 83 Boston shots
1941 – 18 Geuzen resistance fighters sentenced to death in The Hague
1943 – Transport nr 50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek/Sobibor
1944 – 1st US bombing of Berlin
1944 – Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
1945 – Finland declares war on nazi-Germany
1947 – WWJ (now WDIV) TV channel 4 in Detroit, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
1949 – Andrei Vishinsky succeeds Molotov as Soviet Foreign minister
1949 – Piet Van de Pol (Neth) becomes world champion billiard player
1949 – Security Council of UN recommends membership for Israel
1954 – JE Wilkins, appointed 1st Black US sub-cabinet member
1955 – 1st radio facsimile transmission sent across the continent
1959 – US Pioneer IV misses Moon and becomes 2nd (US 1st) artificial planet
1960 – French freighter “La Coubre” explodes in Havana Cuba, killing 100
1960 – Lucille Ball files divorce from Desi Arnaz
1961 – Paul-Henri Spaak resigns as sec-gen of NATO
1962 – AEC announces 1st atomic power plant in Antarctica in operation
1964 – Jimmy Hoffa convicted of jury tampering
1965 – David Attenbrough became the new controller of BBC2
1966 – Canadian Pacific airliner explodes on landing at Tokyo, 64 die
1966 – John Lennon, says “We (Beatles) are more popular than Jesus”
1966 – North Sea Gas was 1st pumped ashore by BP
1967 – Worlds Ladies Fig Skating Champion in Vienna won by Peggy Fleming (US)
1967 – Men’s Fig Skating Championship in Vienna won by Emmerich Danzer (AUT)
1967 – Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Belousova and Protopopov (USSR)
1967 – Ice Dance Championship at Vienna won by Towler and Ford (GRB)
1968 – Joe Frazier TKOs Buster Mathis in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
1968 – Martin Luther King Jr announces plans for Poor People’s Campaign
1968 – Orbiting Geophysical Observatory 5 launched
1970 – NY Rangers set then NHL record of 126 games without being shut-out
1970 – Jacksonville is 1st college basketball team to avg 100+ pts per game
1970 – French submarine “Eurydice” explodes
1971 – “City Command” kidnaps 4 US military men at Ankara, Turkey
1972 – Libya and USSR signs cooperation treaty
1972 – Last train run between Penrith to Keswick UK
1972 – Erhard Keller (Germany) skates world record 1000m (1:18.5)
1973 – 15th Grammy Awards: 1st Time Ever I Saw Your Face, America
1974 – David Hares’ “Knuckle,” premieres in London
1974 – Harold Wilson replaces resigning Ed Heath as British premier
1976 – John Pezzin bowls 33 consecutive strikes at Toledo, Ohio
1976 – SF Giants are bought for $8 million by Bob Lurie and Bud Herseth
1977 – Earthquake in Romania, kills 1,541
1977 – Colin Croft takes 8-29 against Pakistan at Port-of-Spain
1977 – 1st CRAY 1 supercomputer shipped, to Los Alamos Laboratories, NM
1978 – Chicago Daily News, founded in 1875, publishes last issue
1979 – US Voyager I photo reveals Jupiter’s rings
1979 – Sally Little wins LPGA Bent Tree Golf Classic
1979 – 200th episode of “All in the Family”
1979 – “Grand Tour” closes at Palace Theater NYC after 61 performances
1980 – 40th hat trick in Islander history-Mike Bossy
1980 – Robert Mugabe’s ZANU-PF wins parliamentary election in Zimbabwe
1982 – 2nd double hat trick in Islander history-Bossy and D Potvin
1982 – NASA launches Intelsat V
1984 – Nancy Lopez wins Uniden LPGA Golf Invitational
1984 – Pee Wee Reese and Rick Ferrell elected to Baseball’s Hall of Fame
1985 – War veterans returned to the “Bridge over the River Kwai”
1985 – Virtual ban on leaded gas ordered by EPA
1985 – STS 51-E vehicle rolls back to Vandenberg AFB; mission cancelled
1986 – Border completes twin Test tons (140 and 114*) v NZ
1989 – Actress Phoebe Cates marries actor Kevin Kline
1989 – Eastern Airlines machinists strike
1989 – Javier Sotomayor high jumps indoor world record (2.43m)
1990 – US 65th manned space mission STS 36 (Atlantis 6) returns from space
1990 – Beth Daniel wins LPGA Women’s Kemper Golf Open
1990 – 20th Easter Seal Telethon
1991 – Bank of Credit and Commerce Intl divests itself of 1st American Bank
1991 – Iraq releases 6 US, 3 British and 1 Italian POW
1993 – Katharine Hepburn enters the hospital suffering from exhaustion
1993 – “Goodbye Girl” opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 188 performances
1994 – 4 Arab terrorist founded guilty of bombing the World Trade Center
1994 – Space shuttle STS-62 (Columbia 16), launches into orbit
1995 – Replacement NY Yankees beat NY Mets 2-1
1995 – Michael Johnson runs world record 400m indoor (44.63 sec)
1995 – George Foreman loses WBA boxing title, refusing to fight Tony Tucker
1995 – Blind teenage boy receives a ‘Bionic Eye’ at a Washington Hospital
1995 – 1st NYC Mayor Trophy’s High school track meet in 19 years
1997 – Brazil Senate allows women to wear slacks
1997 – Comet Hale-Bopp directly above the Sun (1.04 AU)
1997 – President Clinton bans federally funded human cloning research
1997 – Zeya Start-1 launched (Russia)

 Source from Internet

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Historical Events

Welcome to Today In History for Monday, March 3, 2008.

  Historical Events on this Day in History …

0078 – Origin of Saka Era (India)
0468 – St Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius
0493 – Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker
1409 – Austrian civil war ends
1431 – Bishop Gabriele Condulmer elected as Pope Eugene IV
1627 – Piet Heyn conquerors 22 ships in Bay of Salvador Brazil
1634 – 1st tavern in Boston opens (Samuel Cole)
1638 – Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden
1746 – Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Castle of Inverness
1776 – US commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau Bahamas
1791 – 1st internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits and carriages)
1791 – Congress establishes US Mint
1794 – 1st performance of Joseph Haydn’s 101st Symphony in D
1794 – Richard Allen founded AME Church
1801 – 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
1803 – 1st impeachment trial of a federal judge, John Pickering, begins
1805 – Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms
1812 – US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
1813 – Office of surgeon general of the US army forms
1815 – US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners and demanding tribute
1817 – Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory and Mississippi
1820 – Missouri Compromise passes, allowing slavery in Missouri
1835 – Congress authorizes a US mint at New Orleans Louisiana
1837 – US president Andrew Jackson and Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
1837 – Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9
1838 – Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario Canada
1842 – 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
1842 – 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn’s 3rd “Scottish” Symphony
1843 – Congress appropriates $30,000 “to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs” by the US
1845 – Florida becomes 27th state
1845 – Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
1845 – 1st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
1847 – Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps
1849 – Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
1849 – Home Dept (Interior Dept), forms
1849 – Minnesota Territory is organizes
1849 – Territory of Minnesota organizes
1849 – US Department of the Interior established by Congress
1851 – Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3› piece)
1853 – Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by Congress
1853 – US Assay Office in NYC authorized
1855 – Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
1855 – Congress authorizes registered mail
1861 – Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom [OS=Feb 19]
1862 – General Pope lays siege in front of New Madrid
1862 – Battle of New Madrid MO-captured by Union forces
1863 – Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
1863 – Idaho Territory forms
1863 – Gold certificates (currency) authorized by Congress
1863 – Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
1863 – Federal ironclad ships bomb Fort McAllister Georgia
1863 – Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
1863 – Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
1863 – 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted
1865 – Freedmen’s Bureau is created to help destitute free blacks
1865 – Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands established
1869 – University of South Carolina opens to all races
1871 – Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
1871 – Congress establishes the civil service system
1873 – US Congress and government raise own salary, retroactively
1873 – Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
1875 – 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
1875 – Congress authorizes 20› coin, lasts only 3 years
1875 – Georges Bizet’s opera “Carmen” premieres (Paris)
1877 – Rutherford B Hayes is sworn in as the 19th president
1878 – Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
1879 – US Geological Survey director authorized in Dept of the Interior
1879 – 1st female lawyer heard by Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
1882 – NY Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings
1883 – Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
1885 – 1st US state (Calif) establishes a permanent forest commission
1885 – American Telephone and Telegraph (ATandT) incorporates
1885 – Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of fed govt)
1885 – US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
1887 – Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller
1887 – American Protective Assn forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa
1891 – Congress creates US Courts of Appeal
1891 – Congress creates Office of Supt of Immigration (Treasury Dept)
1891 – Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept) created
1892 – 1st cattle tuberculosis test in US made, Villa Nova, Penn
1893 – Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
1893 – Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Dept of Agriculture
1894 – 4th and last British government of Gladstone resigns
1894 – 1st Greek-language publication in US begins, “NY Atlantis”
1899 – Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar
1899 – George Dewey becomes 1st in US with rank of Admiral of the Navy
1900 – US Steel Corporation organizes
1901 – Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Dept of Commerce
1903 – North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses
1905 – US Forest Service forms
1906 – Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traja Vuia tested in France
1909 – Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Montreal Wanderers, 8-3
1911 – 1st US federal cemetery with Union and Rebel graves opens, Missouri
1913 – Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington DC
1915 – Natl Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NASA forerunner) created
1917 – Nicholas II, last Russian tsar, abdicates (OS)
1917 – Great monarch Michael resigns after 1 day as czar
1917 – Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations
1918 – Richard G”ring’s “Seeschlacht,” premieres in Berlin
1918 – Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: Germany, Austria and Russia sign
1919 – 1st international air mail service from US, Seattle-Victoria, BC
1919 – Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
1920 – Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs
1921 – Toronto’s Dr Banting and Dr Best announce discovery of insulin
1922 – WWJ-AM in Detroit MI begins radio transmissions
1922 – Italian fascists occupy Fiume and Rijeka
1923 – Time magazine publishes 1st issue [or March 23]
1923 – US Senate rejects membership in Intl Court of Justice, The Hague
1924 – German and Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
1924 – Sean O’Casey’s “Juno and the Paycock,” premieres in Dublin
1926 – International Greyhound Racing Association formed (Miami, Fla)
1931 – Cab Calloway records “Minnie Moocher” (Jazz’s 1st million seller)
1931 – “Star Spangled Banner” officially becomes US national anthem
1933 – German presidential candidate Earnest Th„lmann (KPD) arrested
1933 – Mount Rushmore dedicated
1933 – NYC premiere of “King Kong”
1934 – John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol
1935 – Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker’s party (RSAP), forms
1936 – Grimmett ends his Test career with 13 wkts in 5th Test v S Afr
1937 – Australia snatch series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
1938 – American Bowling Congress’ largest tournament (24,765 competitors)
1940 – Artie Shaw records “Frenesi” on RCA Victor label
1941 – Neth NSB-leader Mussert visits G”ring in Berlin
1942 – 1st combat flight for Canada’s Avro Lancaster military plane
1943 – US defeats Japan and wins Battle of Bismark Sea
1943 – F Ryerson and Cohn Claues’ “Harriet,” premieres in NYC
1943 – Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die
1944 – 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber’s 2nd Symphony
1945 – Churchill visits Montgomery’s headquarter
1945 – RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
1945 – Roermond/Venlo Neth, freed
1945 – US and Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
1945 – US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
1946 – US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1946 – US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
1950 – 3 months as National-American Football League takes back NFL name
1951 – Bill Mikvy (Temple) scores NCAA basketball record 73 pts
1952 – Puerto Rico approves their 1st self written constitution
1953 – Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
1953 – Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block St Louis Browns attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee
1955 – Elvis Presley made his 1st TV appearance
1956 – Manhattan Borough President Hulan Jack makes plans for a new 110,000-seat stadium to entice Giants to stay in NY
1956 – Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne)
1956 – Indonesian govt of Harahap resigns
1956 – Cockie Gastelaars swims world record 100 m freestyle (1:04.2)
1957 – Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Colo Spr won by Carol Heiss (US)
1957 – Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
1957 – Men’s Figure Skating Champ in Colo Springs won by David Jenkins (USA)
1957 – Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner and Paul (CAN)
1957 – Ice Dance Championship at Colorado Spr won by Markham and Jones (GRB)
1957 – Corry Brokken wins Eurovision Song festival with “Just as then”
1958 – KTVU TV channel 2 in Oakland-San Francisco, CA (IND) 1st broadcast
1958 – Nuri ash Said becomes premier of Iraq
1959 – SF Giant’s rename their stadium Candlestick Park
1959 – Brit govt arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis
1959 – 1st US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched
1960 – 9th largest snowfall in NYC history (14.5″)
1961 – King Hassan II’s ascends to throne of Morocco
1962 – British Antarctic Territory forms
1963 – Senegal adopts constitution
1965 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1965 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1965 – Temptations’ “My Girl” reaches #1
1966 – Buffalo Springfield form (Steven Stills, Neil Young, et al)
1966 – James Goldman’s “Lion in Winter,” premieres in NYC
1966 – Kwame Nkrumah flees Ghana to Guin‚e
1966 – Rock group Buffalo Springfield forms
1966 – Twister hits Jackson Miss; 3 minutes after 1st sighting, 57 die
1966 – WRFT (now WVFT) TV channel 27 in Roanoke, VA (IND) begins broadcasting
1967 – White Sox given permission to use semi-DH in training camp with home club permission (use of pinch hitter twice in same game)
1967 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 – Grenada gains partial independence from Britain
1968 – “Here’s Where I Belong” opens/closes at Billy Rose Theater NYC
1968 – Greece, Portugal and Spain’s embassies bombed in the Hague
1968 – Jean Beliveau (Mont) becomes 2nd NHLer to score 1,000 pts
1969 – Apollo 9 launched for 151 Earth orbits (10 days)
1971 – Winnie Mandela sentenced to 1 year in jail in South Africa
1971 – South African Broadcasting Corp lifts its ban on the Beatles
1972 – Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E Lee, and Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain Georgia
1973 – “Shelter” closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 31 performances
1973 – White Sox Dick Allen signs 3 year contract for record $750,000
1974 – World’s worst air disaster, Turkish DC-10 crashes in Paris (346 die)
1974 – Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1974 – George Foreman KOs Ken Norton
1974 – Despite Billy Harris’ hat trick Islanders lose 3-4
1974 – “Sextet” opens at Bijou Theater NYC for 9 performances
1975 – “Goodtime Charley” opens at Palace Theater NYC for 104 performances
1975 – Linda McCartney is charged in US with possession of marijuana
1976 – Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia
1977 – Worlds Ladies Fig Skating Champ in Tokyo won by Linda Fratianne (USA)
1977 – Men’s Figure Skating Champions in Tokyo won by Vladimir Kovalev (USSR)
1977 – Libyan Socialist Arabs People’s Republic forms
1977 – Islanders allow Red Wings only 11 shots on goal
1977 – Ice Pairs Champs at Tokyo won by Irina Rodnina/Alexandr Zaitsev (URS)
1978 – 1st day of Test cricket for Desmond Haynes (WI v Australia)
1978 – Charles Chaplin’s remains are stolen in Switzerland
1980 – France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1981 – NY Islanders and Edmonton Oilers play to an 8-8 tie
1981 – Isle’s Mike Bossy 9th and final hat trick of season-4 goals
1982 – Senate begins debate on expulsion of Sen Harrison Williams (D-NJ)
1984 – NY Islanders score their most goals (11) vs Tor Maple Leafs (6)
1984 – Peter Ueberroth elected baseball commissioner (Effective Oct 1)
1985 – Willie Shoemaker becomes 1st jockey to win $100 million
1985 – National Union of Mine Workers in England end a 51 week strike
1985 – Bill Shoemaker is 1st jockey to surpass $100 million
1985 – Betsy King wins LPGA Samaritan Turquoise Golf Classic
1985 – “My One and Only” closes at St James Theater NYC after 767 performances
1985 – “Moonlighting” with Cybill Shepard and Bruce Willis, premieres
1987 – Ray Dandridge, 3rd baseman in Negro Leagues, eleected to Hall of Fame
1989 – Machinists strike Eastern Airlines; pilots honor picket lines
1989 – Robert McFarlane gets $20,000 fine, 2 yrs probation for Iran-Contra
1990 – Carole Gist, 20, (Michigan 1st black), crowned 39th Miss USA
1991 – United Airlines crashes near Colorado Springs, kills 25
1991 – Switzerland votes on lowering voting age from 20 to 18
1991 – Miguel Trovoada installed as president of Sao Tom‚ e Principal
1991 – Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (22.24 sec)
1991 – Latvia and Estonia vote to become independent of the USSR
1991 – LA Police severly beat Rodney King, captured on amateur video
1991 – Iraqi generals and Gen Schwarzkopf meet to discuss cease fire
1991 – Boon completes 10th Test Cricket century, 109* v WI at Kingston
1991 – 4 LA cops beat Rodney King, it is video taped
1991 – 25 die as United Boeing 737 crashes in Colorado Springs
1991 – “Big Love” opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 41 performances
1992 – Gas explodes in coal mine at Zonguldak Turkey, 100s die
1992 – Mike Bossy’s #22 is 2nd # retired by NY Islanders
1992 – Pres Bush apologizes for raising taxes after pledging not to
1992 – Charges are filed in Florida against NY Mets Darryl Boston, Vince Coleman and Dwight Gooden of rape (dropped in April)
1993 – Howard Stern radio show premieres in Boston (WBCN 104.1 FM-evenings)
1994 – “Damn Yankees” opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 510 performances
1994 – “Philoktetes Variations,” with Ron Vawter, premieres in Brussels
1994 – IRS investigates Darryl Strawberry
1995 – Camilla Parker Bowles and her husband Andrew divorce
1996 – 26th Easter Seal Telethon
1996 – Auckland beat Wellington by 9 wickets to win Shell Trophy Final
1997 – Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Fayetteville NC on WRCQ 103.5 FM
1998 – Bill Gates testifies at Senate Judiciary Committee

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